Legacies Of Historical Globalization Essay Prompt
Presentation on theme: "Legacies of Historical Globalization"— Presentation transcript:
1 Legacies of Historical Globalization
Lesson 2 – Legacies of Migration, Displacement & Depopulation P
2 How Cultural Contact Affected People
Europeans were not the first to imperialize and create powerful empires and leave legacies among people.For example:The Ottoman Empire consisted of large parts of Europe and Asia.The Roman Empire also conquered most of Northern Europe and North Africa.Imperialism, as a result, has changed the lives and cultures of people under their rules.
3 Roman Empire
4 Ottoman Empire
5 Legacies and Patterns of Historical Change
Imperial powers changed the culture of the peoples in their colonies.For each case the patterns of change were similar.Imperial powers altered the lives of Indigenous peoples by changing their languages.The language of the Imperial power became the dominate language, which is often used today.
6 Legacies and Patterns of Historical Change
Imperial powers altered the lives of Indigenous peoples by changing the languages they spoke.The language of the Imperial power became the dominate language, which is often used today.Canada - English and FrenchIndia - English and native languageIreland EnglishCentral America - Portuguese and Spanish
7 Legacies of MigrationMillions of people move from their home country to other countries in search of better life or to flee famine or persecution.During , 30 million people migrated from European countries to colonies such as Canada and 40% were British.How did this impact the Canadian culture?
8 By viewing the chart which group of people are missing?
People from South America, Africa and Asia.Why would these people not migrate to Canada? Explain.
9 In 1913, 400 000 people immigrated to Canada.
Few of these people were from Africa and Asia, because restrictions were placed on them.These restrictions are an example of Eurocentrism.
10 Legacies of Displacement
When European imperialist moved into a colony, little attention was given to the Indigenous people or their relationship to their land.As a result, when land was needed, it was taken from the Indigenous peoples.The colonizers’ disregard for Indigenous peoples’ lives, beliefs and traditions, left legacies of civil war and starvation.It also destroyed cultures and communities
11 Legacies of Depopulation
The forced migration of African slaves led to the depopulation of many parts of the African continent.Depopulation destroyed families and communities.The young and strong were most often forced into slavery.These people would be the next leaders, and their skills and labour would have been used to build communities.
12 Depopulation in India 1843 Slavery Abolished in Britain
Had to look elsewhere for cheap labour.From 1834 – 1920, millions of Indians were recruited as indentured labourers
13 Just as slavery depopulated Africa, the indenture system depopulated India — with similar effects
Many Indians would rather migrate to another colony and work as an indenture labour then stay and starve
14 Class workRead Impact pg 154Answer question 1
15 HomeworkRead page 145Answer question 2
I'm not sure what you mean by "historical globalization," do you mean the process underway since ancient times and increased by the Age of Exploration? Or are you concentrating on the modern Thatcher-Reagan model? There have been many problems involving both, but the process throughout history has been overall pretty positive until the modern version. The modern International Monetary Fund-World Bank and international corporation/bank driven version has been disastrous.
The slave trade has been with us since the earliest civilizations, and doesn't seem to be going away. People like to blame Europeans, but it was the Arabic countries and India which mostly ran the trade and absorbed nearly all of the slaves throughout early modern times, right up to today. Abolition began with the Methodists in Britain and gained strength throughout the 19th century, culminating in the theoretical ending of the African trade by the turn of the 20th century. Unfortunately, there are probably more slaves living in the world today than in all of history combined. In this area, we have moved steadily backwards since the 1970s. I'm not sure what a tribal war in Rwanda had to do with globalization, unless we consider the fact that both tribes were in one country because of Europeans drawing arbitrary boundaries for African countries with no regard to who actually lived there. I suppose we could consider the Berlin Conference as a 19th century globalization measure, but I'm not sure a border between those two tribes would have prevented the genocide.
Economically, the IMF/World Bank domination of countries by credit (the Thatcher-Reagan model) has been terrible in its effects on the economies of the world. The massive interest payments are difficult for most countries, and the conditions of the loans (deregulation of industries, forced sale of national gas, electric and water utilities and natural resources) actually make it more difficult for the countries to make the payments. The sale of utilities to consortiums of Euro-American corporations destabilizes the national economies, causing rising prices for power, water, and commodities, but not increasing wages.
In addition, modern globalization has wrecked the economies of developed countries by moving jobs to the Third World, while those jobs are not replaced by newer industries, due largely to the hold on the political and economic life of developed countries by the same corporations that move the jobs out. These increased jobs in the Third World have not raised wages in those countries as much as prices have increased, and while credit went wild in developed countries wages became moribund, complicating the loss of jobs.
Historically, the negative effects have been Europeans carving up the world for their own benefit, and they are today paying the price for this as much as anyone else. America added to the problem in the 20th century, thinking we were helping the world while only being manipulated by our largest industries and banks.